Population: 90.5 million
Capital City: Hanoi
Coastal line: 3,260 km
Border line: 4,510 km
- Latilude: 102008’ – 109028’ east
- Longtilude: 8002’ – 23023’ north
Currency: Vietnam Dong (VND)
Time Zone: GMT +7 Hours
International Dialing Code: +84
Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Viet Nam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the East Sea to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the west and south.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the North, 400km in the South, and 50km at the narrow-est part, in the Center, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and in inland border is 4,510km. Viet Nam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Viet Nam’s climate is characterized by strong monsoons, a considerable number of sunny days, high levels of rainfall, and high humidity.
Although the entire country lies in the tropics and subtropics, it presents a very diverse cli-mate according to its different altitudes and lat-itudes. Winters can be quite cold in the North, while the South offers sub-equational temper-ature all year-round. Some mountainous regions have temperate climates.
Annual average temperature for the whole country ranges from 22oC to 27oC. The aver-age temperature is 23oC in Ha Noi, 27oC in Ho Chi Minh City, and 25oC in Hue. The cli-mate is generally divided into two seasons: the cold season (from November to April the next year) and the hot season (from May to October). Differences of 12oC can be observed in the Northern provinces. However, in Southern Viet Nam, the difference in temper-ature between the two seasons, estimated at 3oC, is almost unnoticeable.